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29. Imposition of penalty in certain instances M. VAT ACT

 

CHAPTER VI
PENALTY AND INTEREST

 
29.     Imposition of penalty in certain instances -
(1) …
(2)…
(3) While or after passing any orderunder this Act, in respect of any person or dealer, the Commissioner, on noticing or being brought to his notice, that such person or dealer has concealed the particulars or has knowingly furnished inaccurate particulars of any transaction liable to tax or has concealed or has knowingly misclassified any transaction liable to tax or has knowingly claimed set-off in excess of what is due to him, the Commissioner may, after giving the person or dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, impose upon him, in addition to any tax due from him, a penalty equal to the amount of tax found due as a result of any of the aforesaid acts of commission or omission.
(4) Where any person or dealer has knowingly issued or produced any document including a false bill, cash memorandum, voucher, declaration or certificate by reason of which any transaction of sale or purchase effected by him or any other person or dealer is not liable to he taxed or is liable to he taxed at a reduced rate or incorrect set-off is liable to be claimed on such transaction, the Commissioner may, after giving the person or dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, impose on him in addition to any tax payable by him, a penalty equal to the amount of tax found due as a result of any of the aforesaid acts of commission or omission.
(5) Where a dealer has sold any goods and the sale is exempt, fully or partly, from payment of tax by virtue of any provision contained in sub-section (3), (3A), (3B) or (5) of section 8, and the purchaser fails to comply with the conditions or restrictions subject to which the exemption is granted, then the Commissioner may, after giving the said purchaser a reasonable opportunity of being heard, impose penalty on him equal to one and a half times the tax which would have become payable on the sale if the said exemption was not available on the said sale.
(The above sub section (5) is inserted by the Maharashtra Act No. XXXII of 2006 Dt. 05.08.2006)
 
(6) ………..
(7) Where, any person or dealer contravenes the provision of section 86, so as to have the quantum of tax payable by him to be under-assessed, the Commissioner may, after giving the person or dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, impose on him, in addition to any tax payable by him a penalty equal to half the amount of tax which would have been under-assessed or one hundred rupees, whichever is more.
(8) Where, any person or dealer has failed without reasonable cause to comply with any notice in respect of any proceedings, the Commissioner may, after giving the person or dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, impose on him, in addition to any tax payable by him, a penalty equal to one thousand rupees.
(9) Where, any person or dealer has failed without reasonable cause to file within the prescribed time, a return for any period as provided under section 20, (….) the Commissioner may, after giving the person or dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, by order in writing, impose on him, in addition to any tax payable by him, a sum of rupees two thousand by way of penalty. Such penalty shall be without prejudice to any other penalty, which may be imposed under this Act:
Provided that, if the return is filed before the initiation of the proceeding for levy of penalty, the penalty shall be levied at rupees one thousand and in any other case, the penalty shall be levied at rupees two thousand.
(10)    (a) ……………
(b) ... .. …….
(c) Where a dealer has tiled a return and such return is found to be not complete or self consistent, then the Commissioner may, after giving the dealer a reasonable opportunity of being heard, impose on him, by order in writing, a penalty of rupees one thousand. The levy of penalty shall be without prejudice to any other penalty which may be imposed under this Act.
(11) Where a person or dealer has collected any sum by way of tax in contravention of the provisions of section 60, --
(a)he shall be liable to pay a penalty not exceeding two thousand rupees, and
(b)in addition, any sum collected by the person or dealer in contravention of section 60 shall be forfeited to the State Government.
If the Commissioner in the course of any proceeding under this Act or otherwise, is of the opinion that any person has become liable to a penalty or forfeiture or both penalty and forfeiture of any sum under this sub-section, he may serve on such person a notice in the prescribed form requiring him on a date and at a place specified in the notice to attend and show cause why a penalty or forfeiture or both penalty and forfeiture of any sum as provided in this sub-section should not be imposed on him. The Commissioner shall thereupon hold an inquiry and shall make such order as he thinks fit. When any order of forfeiture is made the Commissioner shall publish or cause to be published a notice thereof for the information of the persons concerned giving such details and in such manner as may be prescribed.”
(12) No order levying penalty under the foregoing provisions of this section shall be passed in respect of any period after five years from the end of the year containing the said period."
(13) No order levying penalty under any of the foregoing sub-sections shall be made :-
(a)            by a Sales Tax Officer , or an Assistant Commissioner, where the penalty exceeds rupees five lakh except with the prior approval of the Deputy Commissioner.
(b)            by a Deputy Commissioner or a Senior Deputy Commissioner, where the penalty exceeds rupees ten lakh except with the prior approval of the Joint Commissioner.
 Provided that , nothing in this sub-section shall apply to any penalty which can be imposed by an appellate authority.

(14) For the purposes of this section, Commissioner includes any appellate authority appointed or constituted under this Act.

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